MARKUS STENZ CONDUCTS 'THE RING' ①
- 20230511 Thursday 20:00
- LOTTE Concert Hall
Jae Hong Park, Piano
Rachmaninov, Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18
- R 120,000 S 90,000 A 60,000 B 30,000 C 10,000
※ Please do not applaud between the movements.
--------------- Intermission 15 mins ---------------
Total duration approximately 120mins(incl. intermission)
Sergei Rachmaninoff(1873-1943), Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18(1900~01)
Rachmaninoff had lost his confidence and suffered from depression after the premiere of his First Symphony was brutally criticized by critics. The repercussion after the disastrous premiere made his spirit plummet, and he could hardly compose for the next three years. After completing the Second Piano Concerto, which sealed his fame in immortality, the composer dedicated the work as a token of gratitude to doctor Nikolai Dahl who had helped him get his confidence back through hypnotherapy.
The concerto, albeit only the second and the third movements, was first performed on December 2, 1900, in Moscow, by the composer at the keyboard and his cousin Alexandre Siloti on the podium. Critics praised its classical clarity of form, breadth of melodies, and richness of harmonies. The entire concerto, including the first movement, was premiered in the following fall, and the audience’s response was enthusiastic.
2 2 2 2 - 4 2 3 1 - tmp+2 - str
perc: bd, cym
Richard Wagner(1813-1883), The Ring: An Orchestral Adventure(completed in 1874, arranged in 1991) *arr. Henk de Vlieger
Der Ring des Nibelungen, for which Wagner used the term “Musikdrama” in earnest, is a set of grand masterpieces that inherited and developed the tradition of German opera, which emphasizes the importance of orchestral music rather than vocal music. In Italian operas, vocal melodies are the center of the drama, mainly representing the emotions or situations of the characters, but in Wagner’s German Musikdramas, the melody, harmony, and texture of the orchestra convey the characters’ consciousness, subconsciousness and the surrounding situation.
The performing version of this concert by the Seoul Philharmonic Orchestra is a 70-minute abbreviation by Dutch composer and percussionist Henk de Vlieger. The abbreviated version is consisted of four pieces from Das Rheingold, two from Die Walküre, three from Siegfried, and five from Götterdämmerung.
Although the five pieces from Götterdämmerung takes up 30 minutes out of 70 minutes, the abbreviated version as a whole provides a relatively faithful and balanced overview of the Ring trilogy musically, except for the lack of the first half of Die Walküre. De Vlieger composed this abbreviation by focusing on the content of the script of the Ring . He chose and connected scenes where orchestral sound effects were emphasized, focusing on major leitmotifs, and sometimes replaced vocal melodies with brass instruments.
4[1.2.3/pic2.pic1] 4[1.2.3.Eh] 4[1.2.3/Dcl.bcl] 3 — 8[hn5-8/Wag tb] 4[1.2.3.btp] 4[1.2.3.cb tbn] 1 - 2tmp+3 - 4hp - str
perc: glock, field dr, tamtam, tri, cym, sus cym, 6 anvils
Text by YongSook Lee / Translation SukHo Lee